Russia

Last updated at 2014-04-19 04:53:28

Russia Overview

Russia is located in The Former Soviet Republic with a population of 141.92 million people. It has a population density of 8.73 persons per square kilometer. 26.00% of the population is rural and 74.00% is urban. 15.45% of the population is under the age of fifteen, and 12.96% of the population is over the age of 65. Russia's population grew by 0.40% in 2012. Net migration to Russia in 2012 was 1,100,002 people.

Russia is a high income country with a large-sized economy. In n.a. Russia's GDP was USD n.a. billion. Russia's GDP grew at 3.40% in 31-Dec-2012. GDP per capita, in purchasing power-adjusted dollar terms, is USD 17,518.

Inflation in Russia, as measured by the change in consumer price index, was 5.07% in 2012, versus 8.44% in 2011. Unemployment in Russia in 31-Dec-2012 was 6.00%, versus 6.50% in 31-Dec-2011.

Russia's economy is predominantly services-based. Agriculture accounts for 3.87% of GDP and employs 9.70% of the population. Manufacturing and industry accounts for 37.00% of GDP and employs 27.90% of the population. Services accounts for 60.13% of the GDP and employs 62.30% of the population.

Russia's currency is the Russian Rouble (RUB). The latest exchange rate, as of 18-Apr-2014, is 35.96 RUB per 1 USD.

Russia is politically unstable, and life expectancy at birth is 69 years. 5.00% of Russia's population is under-nourished, while 46.48% of its male population and 51.71% of its female population is overweight. n.a. of the population smokes. Russia spends $1,316.32 per capita (USD PPP) on healthcare, and has 8.05 nurses per 1000 people.

For links to more detailed information on Russia please click the links underneath the corresponding tables.

Russia at a Glance

GDP (trillion RUB)61,810.84Population (millions)143.30
GDP Growth (%)3.40Population Growth Rate(%)0.20%
Unemployment Rate (%)5.50%Government Revenue (% of GDP)37.44%
Inflation Rate (%)6.20%Life Expectancy at Birth (years)69.00
Exchange Rate (vs USD)35.96CO2 Emissions (kt)1,740,776.24
RTSI Index1,172.62Internet Users (per 100 ppl)53

Economic Overview

    Detailed topic page: Russia Economics

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
GDP (Annual) 61,810.84 Trillion RUB 2012 11.08% 41,276.85 13,208.23 n.a.
Real GDP Growth 3.40% % Chg YOY 31-Dec-2012 -0.90% 5.25% 7.25% n.a.
GDP Per Capita at PPP 17,518 USD at PPP 31-Dec-2012 5.57% 15,836 9,683 n.a.
Unemployment Rate 6.00% % of Labor Force 31-Dec-2012 -0.50% 6.30% 8.60% n.a.
Inflation Rate 5.07% % Chg YOY 2012 -3.37% 14.11% 13.68% n.a.
Agriculture as Share of GDP 3.87% % of GDP 2012 -0.49% 4.40% 6.26% n.a.
Industry as Share of GDP 37.00% % of GDP 2011 1.57% 36.44% 32.77% n.a.
Services as Share of GDP 60.13% % of GDP 2012 1.24% 59.48% 61.17% n.a.
Imports as Share of GDP 22.14% % of GDP 2012 0.34% 22.07% 23.88% n.a.
Exports as Share of GDP 29.44% % of GDP 2012 -0.92% 31.31% 35.25% n.a.

Employment

    Detailed topic page: Russia Employment

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Population 141.92 Million People 31-Dec-2012 -0.34% 142.80 145.00 n.a.
Unemployment Rate 6.00% % of Labor Force 31-Dec-2012 -0.50% 6.30% 8.60% n.a.
Agriculture Share of Employment 9.70% % of Employment 2009 1.10% 10.20% 14.50% n.a.
Industry Share of Employment 27.90% % of Employment 2009 -1.00% 29.80% 28.40% n.a.
Services Share of Employment 62.30% % of Employment 2009 -0.10% 60.00% 57.10% n.a.

Capital Markets

    Detailed topic page: Russia Economics

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Nominal Exchange Rate 35.9612 RUB per USD 18-Apr-2014 9.92% 35.6087 35.5913 36.1876
Stock Market Index 98.10 Index 2012 -13.99% 137.57 44.50 n.a.
Stock Market Capitalization 875 Billion USD 2012 9.83% 397 231 n.a.

Government Finances

    Detailed topic page: Russia Economics

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Revenues 37.44% % of GDP 31-Dec-2012 0.06% 39.17% 36.38% n.a.
Spending 37.02% % of GDP 31-Dec-2012 1.19% 34.30% 34.93% n.a.
Surplus or Deficit 0.81% % of GDP 31-Dec-2012 -1.07% 5.08% 3.00% n.a.
Armed Forces Personnel 1.78% % of Labor Force 2011 -0.10% 1.96% 1.91% n.a.
Military Expenditures 4.47% % of GDP 2012 0.35% 3.74% 4.30% n.a.
Commercial Tax Rate 54.10% % of Profits 2012 7.20% 48.30% n.a. n.a.

Demography

    Detailed topic page: Russia Demography

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Female Population 53.85% % of Total 2012 0.02% 53.74% 53.49% 53.38%
Rural Population 26.00% % of Total 2012 -0.17% 26.64% 26.90% 27.19%
Urban Population 74.00% % of Total 2012 0.17% 73.36% 73.10% 72.81%
Population Below Age 15 15.45% % of Total 2012 0.30% 14.70% 16.17% 23.03%
Population Aged 15 to 64 71.59% % of Total 2012 -0.26% 71.83% 70.48% 67.12%
Population Above Age 64 12.96% % of Total 2012 -0.04% 13.47% 13.35% 9.85%
Population Density 8.73 Persons per Sq Km 2011 0.40% 8.68 8.87 8.90
Population Growth Rate 0.40% % Chg YOY 2012 -0.00% -0.11% -0.48% 0.65%

Births and Deaths

    Detailed topic page: Russia Demography

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Fertility Rate 1.54 Births per Woman 2011 0.00% 1.41 1.30 2.22
Child Mortality 10.30 Deaths per 1000 Births 2012 -5.50% 13.40 19.40 27.20
Life Expectancy at Birth 69.00 Years 2011 0.29% 67.50 65.09 69.44
Deaths From Disease and Nutrition 5.10% % of Total Deaths 2008 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Deaths From Injury and Accident 12.44% % of Total Deaths 2008 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Deaths From Non-Communicable Diseases 82.46% % of Total Deaths 2008 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.

Health and Disease

    Detailed topic page: Russia Health

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Low Birth-Weight Babies 6.00% % 2007 0.10% n.a. n.a. n.a.
Adults Living with HIV 970.00 1000s 2009 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Nurses per 1000 People 8.05 Per 1000 2003 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Health Expenditure Per Capita 1,316.32 PPP USD 2011 3.06% 893.26 480.19 n.a.

Agriculture

    Detailed topic page: Russia Agriculture

Name Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago
Production - All Farms 56.7 Million ha 2011 1.07% 57.5 n.a.
Enterprises 0.4 Million ha 2011 0.00% 0.3 n.a.
Household Farms 3.7 Million ha 2011 0.00% 4.0 n.a.
Private Farms 72.3 Million ha 2011 53.83% 64.2 n.a.

Education

    Detailed topic page: Russia Education

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Adult Literacy Rate 99.68% % 2010 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Youth Literacy Rate 99.71% % 2010 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Female-Male Literacy Ratio 100.10% % 2010 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Primary Enrolment Rate 98.69% % 2009 1.58% 95.26% 102.99% 102.43%
Secondary Enrolment Rate 84.92% % 2009 1.59% 83.15% n.a. n.a.
Tertiary Enrolment Rate 75.47% % 2009 0.46% 72.59% 55.40% 52.11%

Transportation

    Detailed topic page: Russia Transportation

Name Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago
Total Passenger Turnover 502.6 Billion Passenger-km 2011 3.89% 497.3 496.2
Total Freight Turnover 4,916 Billion Ton-km 2011 3.47% 4,915 3,638

Construction

    Detailed topic page: Russia Construction

Name Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago
Total Apartments Constructed 786 Thousands 2011 9.62% 722 373
General Education Schools Constructed 60.5 Thousand Pupils 2011 -10.77% 88.3 133.8
Pre-Schools Constructed 45.0 Thousands 2011 95.65% 26.1 6.8
Hospitals Constructed 9.5 Thousand Beds 2011 9.20% 7.9 9.5
Polyclinics Constructed 25.2 Thousand Visits Per Shift 2011 -5.97% 31.7 24.8
Cultural Establishments, Clubs Constructed 8.7 Thousand Seats 2011 -35.07% 12.3 12.1

Quality of Life

    Detailed topic page: Russia Society

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Gini Index 40.11 Index 2009 -5.11% 37.51 n.a. n.a.
Population Living with Less than Five Dollars a Day 12.02% % 2009 -0.45% 26.02% n.a. n.a.
Access to Improved Water Sources 97.00% % 2011 0.00% 96.40% 95.50% n.a.
Access to Improved Sanitation Facilities 70.40% % 2011 0.00% 70.80% 71.70% n.a.
Population Affected by Droughts or Floods 0.13% % 2009 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
CO2 Emissions 1,740.78 Megatons 2010 10.57% 1,669.62 1,558.01 n.a.
Methane Emissions 533.55 Megatons CO2 equiv 2010 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.

Consumption Goods

    Detailed topic page: Russia Society

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Cell Phone Subscribers 183.52 per 100 2012 2.35% 139.37 24.94 0.00
Internet Users 53.27 per 100 2012 8.72% 26.83 8.30 n.a.
Passenger Vehicles 23.32 per 100 2009 3.20% 17.90 n.a. n.a.
International Tourism Arrivals 24,932 1000s 2011 11.90% 22,909 23,309 n.a.

Energy

    Detailed topic page: Russia Energy

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Gross Production 1,038,030 GWh 2010 4.64% 995,794 891,284 n.a.
 Total Production 976,126 GWh 2010 3.89% 945,054 841,252 n.a.
 Total Production 61,904 GWh 2010 18.22% 50,740 50,032 n.a.
Gross Inland Availability 958,302 GWh 2010 4.43% 908,103 808,310 n.a.

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