Japan

Last updated at 2014-04-23 04:19:58

Japan Overview

Japan is an OECD country, located in East Asia with a population of 127.61 million people. It has a population density of 350.66 persons per square kilometer. 8.27% of the population is rural and 91.73% is urban. 13.11% of the population is under the age of fifteen, and 24.40% of the population is over the age of 65. Japan's population grew by -0.20% in 2012. Net migration to Japan in 2010 was 270,000 people.

Japan is a wealthy country with a large-sized economy. In 31-Dec-2012 Japan's GDP was USD 475,573 billion. Japan's GDP grew at n.a. in n.a.. GDP per capita, in purchasing power-adjusted dollar terms, is USD 35,855.

Inflation in Japan, as measured by the change in consumer price index, was -0.03% in 2012, versus -0.28% in 2011. Unemployment in Japan in 31-Dec-2012 was 4.35%, versus 4.58% in 31-Dec-2011.

Japan's economy is predominantly services-based. Agriculture accounts for 1.17% of GDP and employs 3.70% of the population. Manufacturing and industry accounts for 26.18% of GDP and employs 25.30% of the population. Services accounts for 72.65% of the GDP and employs 69.70% of the population.

Japan's currency is the Japanese Yen (JPY). The latest exchange rate, as of 23-Apr-2014, is 102.58 JPY per 1 USD.

Japan is politically stable, and life expectancy at birth is 83 years. 5.00% of Japan's population is under-nourished, while 29.77% of its male population and 16.23% of its female population is overweight. 23.80% of the population smokes. Japan spends $3,120.40 per capita (USD PPP) on healthcare, and has 7.79 nurses per 1000 people.

For links to more detailed information on Japan please click the links underneath the corresponding tables.

Economy

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
GDP 475,573 Billion USD 31-Dec-2012 n.a. 501,209 498,855 386,428
Real GDP Growth n.a. % Chg YOY n.a. 2.54% n.a. n.a. n.a.
GDP Per Capita at PPP 35,855 USD at PPP 31-Dec-2012 3.97% 33,694 27,701 16,200
Unemployment Rate 4.35% % of Labor Force 31-Dec-2012 -0.23% 3.98% 5.24% 2.51%
Inflation Rate -0.03% % Chg YOY 2012 0.25% 1.37% -0.25% 0.66%
Agriculture as Share of GDP 1.17% % of GDP 2011 -0.01% 1.15% 1.46% 2.38%
Industry as Share of GDP 26.18% % of GDP 2011 -1.27% 28.15% 28.98% 37.19%
Services as Share of GDP 72.65% % of GDP 2011 1.29% 70.70% 69.57% 60.43%
Imports as Share of GDP 16.65% % of GDP 2012 0.59% 17.52% 10.22% 7.64%
Exports as Share of GDP 14.66% % of GDP 2012 -0.48% 17.71% 11.87% 9.76%

Employment

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Population 127.61 Million People 31-Dec-2012 -0.22% 128.06 127.62 122.56
Labour Force 62.70 Million People 31-Dec-2012 -0.31% 64.10 63.17 60.10
Unemployment Rate 4.35% % of Labor Force 31-Dec-2012 -0.23% 3.98% 5.24% 2.51%
Agriculture Share of Employment 3.70% % of Employment 2010 -0.20% 4.30% 4.90% 8.50%
Industry Share of Employment 25.30% % of Employment 2010 -0.60% 28.00% 30.50% 34.50%
Services Share of Employment 69.70% % of Employment 2010 0.70% 66.60% 63.90% 56.70%

Capital Markets

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Nominal Exchange Rate 102.5820 JPY per USD 23-Apr-2014 -2.49% n.a. 101.6510 n.a.
Stock Market Index 93.36 Index 2012 -7.23% 116.92 78.29 n.a.
Stock Market Capitalization 3,681 Billion USD 2012 3.96% 3,220 3,041 3,910

Government Finances

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Revenues 31.11% % of GDP 31-Dec-2012 0.30% 31.62% 28.42% 31.11%
Spending 41.25% % of GDP 31-Dec-2012 0.50% 35.73% 36.21% 30.68%
Surplus or Deficit -9.27% % of GDP 31-Dec-2012 -0.14% -3.84% -7.19% 2.14%
Net Debt 133.45% % of GDP 31-Dec-2012 6.02% 95.28% 77.56% 17.39%
Armed Forces Personnel 0.39% % of Labor Force 2011 -0.00% 0.36% 0.38% n.a.
Military Expenditures 1.02% % of GDP 2011 0.03% 0.93% 0.99% n.a.
Commercial Tax Rate 49.40% % of Profits 2012 1.00% 55.00% n.a. n.a.

Demography

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Female Population 51.33% % of Total 2012 0.02% 51.26% 51.16% 50.93%
Rural Population 8.27% % of Total 2012 -0.59% 11.28% 16.95% 22.91%
Urban Population 91.73% % of Total 2012 0.59% 88.72% 83.05% 77.09%
Population Below Age 15 13.11% % of Total 2012 -0.09% 13.47% 14.08% 19.64%
Population Aged 15 to 64 62.49% % of Total 2012 -0.64% 64.89% 67.16% 69.21%
Population Above Age 64 24.40% % of Total 2012 0.73% 21.64% 18.76% 11.16%
Population Density 350.66 Persons per Sq Km 2011 0.29% 350.54 349.64 334.86
Population Growth Rate -0.20% % Chg YOY 2012 -0.49% -0.05% 0.21% 0.43%

Births and Deaths

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Fertility Rate 1.39 Births per Woman 2011 0.00% 1.34 1.32 1.69
Child Mortality 3.00 Deaths per 1000 Births 2012 -11.76% 3.40 4.00 6.60
Life Expectancy at Birth 82.59 Years 2011 -0.30% 82.51 81.56 78.48
Deaths From Disease and Nutrition 13.53% % of Total Deaths 2008 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Deaths From Injury and Accident 6.48% % of Total Deaths 2008 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Deaths From Non-Communicable Diseases 79.99% % of Total Deaths 2008 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.

Health and Disease

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Low Birth-Weight Babies 7.80% % 2000 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Under-Nourished People n.a. 1000s n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Adults Living with HIV 7.90 1000s 2011 2.60% 7.10 6.30 n.a.
Nurses per 1000 People 7.79 Per 1000 2002 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Health Expenditure Per Capita 3,120.40 PPP USD 2010 2.69% 2,606.86 2,073.87 n.a.

Education

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Adult Literacy Rate n.a. % n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Youth Literacy Rate n.a. % n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Female-Male Literacy Ratio n.a. % n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Primary Enrolment Rate 102.63% % 2011 0.43% 101.99% 101.10% 102.26%
Secondary Enrolment Rate 101.77% % 2011 0.15% 100.42% 102.68% 95.47%
Tertiary Enrolment Rate 59.92% % 2011 1.84% 57.82% 50.71% 28.49%

Quality of Life

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Gini Index 24.85 Index 1993 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Human Development Index n.a. Index n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Population Living with Less than Five Dollars a Day n.a. % n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Urban Population in Slums n.a. % n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Access to Improved Water Sources 100.00% % 2011 0.00% 100.00% 100.00% n.a.
Access to Improved Sanitation Facilities 100.00% % 2011 0.00% 100.00% 100.00% n.a.
Household Electrification Rate n.a. % n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Population Affected by Droughts or Floods 0.02% % 2009 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
CO2 Emissions 1,170.72 Megatons 2010 6.37% 1,231.30 1,202.27 915.33
Methane Emissions 40.26 Megatons CO2 equiv 2010 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.

Consumption Goods

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Cell Phone Subscribers 109.43 per 100 2012 4.27% 87.24 68.67 0.20
Internet Users 79.05 per 100 2012 -0.01% 75.40 48.44 n.a.
Passenger Vehicles 45.26 per 100 2010 0.31% 45.00 n.a. n.a.
Households with a Personal Computer n.a. % n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Households with a Telephone n.a. % n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Households with a Radio n.a. % n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
International Tourism Arrivals 6,219 1000s 2011 -27.78% 8,347 5,239 n.a.

Energy

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Net Generation n.a. TWh n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Net Consumption n.a. TWh n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Imports n.a. TWh n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Exports n.a. TWh n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Gross Production 1,119,221 GWh 2010 6.56% 1,104,589 1,040,013 n.a.
 Total Production 925,392 GWh 2009 -3.39% 969,136 940,678 n.a.
 Total Production 143,090 GWh 2010 14.53% 131,705 118,360 n.a.
Gross Inland Availability 1,076,848 GWh 2010 6.68% 1,062,321 1,001,251 n.a.
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