Indonesia

Last updated at 2014-04-16 01:08:38

Indonesia Overview

Indonesia is located in East Asia with a population of n.a. million people. It has a population density of 134.58 persons per square kilometer. 48.55% of the population is rural and 51.45% is urban. 29.27% of the population is under the age of fifteen, and 5.13% of the population is over the age of 65. Indonesia's population grew by 1.25% in 2012. Net migration to Indonesia in 2012 was -700,000 people.

Indonesia is an upper-middle income country with a medium-sized economy. In 31-Dec-2012 Indonesia's GDP was USD 8,241,864 billion. Indonesia's GDP grew at n.a. in n.a.. GDP per capita, in purchasing power-adjusted dollar terms, is USD 4,923.

Inflation in Indonesia, as measured by the change in consumer price index, was 4.28% in 2012, versus 5.36% in 2011. Unemployment in Indonesia in 31-Dec-2012 was 6.14%, versus 6.56% in 31-Dec-2011.

Indonesia's economy is predominantly manufacturing-based. Agriculture accounts for 14.44% of GDP and employs 35.90% of the population. Manufacturing and industry accounts for 46.95% of GDP and employs 20.60% of the population. Services accounts for 38.61% of the GDP and employs 43.50% of the population.

Indonesia's currency is the Indonesian Rupiah (IDR). The latest exchange rate, as of 16-Apr-2014, is 11,439.40 IDR per 1 USD.

Indonesia is politically unstable, and life expectancy at birth is 70 years. 8.60% of Indonesia's population is under-nourished, while 9.87% of its male population and 27.12% of its female population is overweight. 24.20% of the population smokes. Indonesia spends $126.89 per capita (USD PPP) on healthcare, and has 0.57 nurses per 1000 people.

For links to more detailed information on Indonesia please click the links above the corresponding tables.

Indonesia at a Glance

GDP (billion USD)8,241,864.30Population (millions)n.a.
GDP Growth (%)6.00%Population Growth Rate (%)1.25%
Unemployment Rate (%)5.20GDP per Capita (IDR)33,338,986.87
Inflation Rate (%)4.28%Life Expectancy at Birth (years)70.39
Exchange Rate (vs USD)11,439.40 IDRCO2 Emissions (kt)451,781.73
Government Revenue (Billion IDR)1,192,994.00Internet Users (per 100 ppl)15

Economy

    Detailed topic page: Indonesia Economy

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
GDP 8,241,864 Billion USD 31-Dec-2012 n.a. 4,948,688 2,013,675 148,812
Real GDP Growth n.a. % Chg YOY n.a. -0.26% n.a. n.a. n.a.
GDP Per Capita at PPP 4,923 USD at PPP 31-Dec-2012 6.56% 3,917 2,803 1,298
Unemployment Rate 6.14% % of Labor Force 31-Dec-2012 -0.42% 8.39% 9.50% 2.80%
Inflation Rate 4.28% % Chg YOY 2012 -1.08% 9.78% 6.59% 8.04%
Agriculture as Share of GDP 14.44% % of GDP 2012 -0.26% 14.48% 15.19% 22.48%
Industry as Share of GDP 46.95% % of GDP 2012 -0.16% 48.06% 43.75% 37.27%
Services as Share of GDP 38.61% % of GDP 2012 0.42% 37.46% 41.07% 40.25%
Imports as Share of GDP 25.81% % of GDP 2012 0.88% 28.75% 23.14% 21.09%
Exports as Share of GDP 24.26% % of GDP 2012 -2.09% 29.81% 30.48% 23.78%

Growth

    Detailed topic page: Indonesia Growth

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago
GDP 82,418,630 Billion Rupiahs 2012 11.03% 49,486,840 n.a.
Change in GDP 6.23% Percent 2012 -4.01% 6.01% n.a.
Population n.a. People n.a. 16.54% 21,013,539 9,304,089
GNP Per Capita 32,371,459 Rupiah 2012 9.52% 20,266,765 8,946,401
GNI Per Capita 30,516,671 Rupiah 2012 11.79% 18,774,283 8,087,201

Employment

    Detailed topic page: Indonesia Employment

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago
Population n.a. People n.a. 1.43% 251 234
Labor Force 121,191,712 People 2013 2.66% 113,833,280 103,973,387
Unemployment Rate 5.20% % 31-Dec-2018 -6.40% 5.80% 7.87%
Youth Unemployment 22.20% % 2009 -4.72% 32.40% 19.90%
Age Dependency Ratio 52.44% % 2012 -1.12% 53.76% 53.57%
Participation Rate 69.21% % 2013 1.96% 67.23% 67.55%
Minimum Wage 133 USD per month 2010 n.a. n.a. n.a.

Capital Markets

    Detailed topic page: Indonesia Economy

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Nominal Exchange Rate 11,439.4000 IDR per USD 16-Apr-2014 -6.09% n.a. 11,321.9000 n.a.
Stock Market Index 117.45 Index 2012 0.11% 69.93 16.09 n.a.
Stock Market Capitalization 397 Billion USD 2012 1.71% 99 55 0

Government Finances

    Detailed topic page: Indonesia Government Finances

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago
Revenue 1,525,190 Billion IDR 2013 12.36% 847,096 n.a.
Percent of GDP 18.01% % 31-Dec-2018 0.72% 18.21% 16.50%
Expenditure 1,154,381 Billion IDR 2013 20.99% 628,812 n.a.
Percent of GDP 19.26% % 31-Dec-2018 -1.41% 20.67% 18.25%
Debt 257,980 Million USD 2013 n.a. 172,870,540,000 n.a.
Military Expenditures 0.78% % of GDP 2012 0.11% 0.63% 0.99%
Commercial Tax Rate 34.50% % of Profits 2011 -2.80% 37.30% n.a.

Agriculture

    Detailed topic page: Indonesia Agriculture

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago
Total Land Area 1,811,570 sq. km 2011 0.00% 1,811,570 1,811,570
Arable Land 12.97% % of Land Area 2011 -0.42% 12.14% 11.08%
Agricultural Land 30.08% % of Land Area 2011 -0.18% 28.15% 25.88%
Permanent Cropland 11.04% % of Land Area 2011 0.00% 9.94% 8.67%

Population Distribution

    Detailed topic page: Indonesia Population

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago
Population n.a. People n.a. 1.43% 251,490,000 234,300,000
Urban Population 127,005,702 People 2012 2.78% 113,208,004 96,775,940
Rural Population 119,858,489 People 2012 -0.31% 121,035,485 121,369,677
Population in Largest City 9,400,428 People 2012 1.04% 9,034,989 8,640,184
Population Growth 1.25% % 2012 -3.24% 1.41% 1.43%
Population Growth Rate 1.25% % Chg YOY 2012 -0.04% 1.41% 1.43%

Demography

    Detailed topic page: Indonesia Demography

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Female Population 49.69% % of Total 2012 0.00% 49.72% 49.88% 49.99%
Rural Population 48.55% % of Total 2012 -0.76% 51.67% 55.64% 71.21%
Urban Population 51.45% % of Total 2012 0.76% 48.33% 44.36% 28.79%
Population Below Age 15 29.27% % of Total 2012 -0.32% 30.02% 30.07% 37.50%
Population Aged 15 to 64 65.60% % of Total 2012 0.25% 65.04% 65.12% 58.79%
Population Density 134.58 Persons per Sq Km 2011 1.30% 127.50 118.70 93.31
Population Growth Rate 1.25% % Chg YOY 2012 -0.04% 1.41% 1.43% 1.89%

Births and Deaths

    Detailed topic page: Indonesia Demographics

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Fertility Rate 2.40 Births per Woman 2011 -1.27% 2.49 2.47 3.47
Child Mortality 31.00 Deaths per 1000 Births 2012 -4.02% 36.60 45.60 91.10
Life Expectancy at Birth 70.39 Years 2011 0.32% 69.42 67.91 62.11
Deaths From Disease and Nutrition 27.75% % of Total Deaths 2008 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Deaths From Injury and Accident 8.65% % of Total Deaths 2008 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Deaths From Non-Communicable Diseases 63.60% % of Total Deaths 2008 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.

Transportation

    Detailed topic page: Indonesia Transportation

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago
Total Motor Vehicles 85,601,351 Vehicles 2011 11.30% 54,802,680 22,985,183
Total Road Length 492,398 km 2011 1.04% 421,535 357,026
Traffic Accidents 108,696 People 2011 63.48% 49 12,267
Deaths 31,195 People 2011 56.97% 16 8,762
Railway Cargo 20,438 Thousand Tons 2011 6.93% 17,077 17,099
International Air Departures 79,231 Planes 2011 12.86% 49,406 n.a.
International Air Arrivals 79,332 Planes 2011 13.31% 47,971 n.a.

Health and Disease

    Detailed topic page: Indonesia Health

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Low Birth-Weight Babies 11.10% % 2010 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Under-Nourished People 21,000.00 1000s 2011 -8.70% 31,000.00 36,000.00 n.a.
Adults Living with HIV 590.00 1000s 2012 9.26% 410.00 160.00 n.a.
Nurses per 1000 People 0.57 Per 1000 2003 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Health Expenditure Per Capita 126.89 PPP USD 2011 3.32% 113.37 57.07 n.a.

Education

    Detailed topic page: Indonesia Education

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago
Adult Literacy Rate 92.58% % 2009 0.39% n.a. n.a.
Illiteracy (15-44) 2.01% % 2012 -12.61% 1.95% 3.88%
Participation Rate (7-12) 98.02% % 2010 0.07% 97.39% n.a.
Youth Literacy Rate 98.78% % 2011 n.a. n.a. n.a.
Female-Male Literacy Ratio 99.95% % 2011 n.a. n.a. n.a.
Primary Enrolment Rate 109.10% % 2011 -0.83% 111.13% 111.58%
Secondary Enrolment Rate 80.75% % 2011 3.59% 71.50% 56.41%
Tertiary Enrolment Rate 27.20% % 2011 2.32% 18.40% 15.01%

Quality of Life

    Detailed topic page: Indonesia Society

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Gini Index 38.14 Index 2011 7.23% n.a. 29.74 29.27
Population Living with Less than Five Dollars a Day 87.37% % 2011 -2.44% 93.48% 96.38% 99.35%
Urban Population in Slums 23.00% % 2007 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Access to Improved Water Sources 84.30% % 2011 0.60% 82.00% 78.90% n.a.
Population Affected by Droughts or Floods 0.16% % 2009 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
CO2 Emissions 451.78 Megatons 2009 9.52% 341.99 263.42 121.25
Methane Emissions 218.93 Megatons CO2 equiv 2010 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.

Consumption Goods

    Detailed topic page: Indonesia Society

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Cell Phone Subscribers 115.20 per 100 2012 12.40% 59.83 8.34 0.01
Internet Users 15.36 per 100 2012 25.08% 7.92 2.39 n.a.
International Tourism Arrivals 7,650 1000s 2011 9.24% 5,506 5,033 n.a.

Energy

    Detailed topic page: Indonesia Energy

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Gross Production 186,594 GWh 2010 18.46% 133,108 101,647 n.a.
 Total Production 16,808 GWh 2010 2,097.12% 414 145 n.a.
Gross Inland Availability 180,321 GWh 2010 18.40% 127,567 97,937 n.a.