India

Last updated at 2014-04-20 02:25:32

India Data on Quandl

This is Quandl's topic page on India. It is a collection of statistics on India's economy, inflation, employment, agriculture, industry, trade, markets, demography, health, education, energy and more.

For a list of all country pages on Quandl, visit our country index.

India Overview

India is a large country located in South Asia. It covers 2,973,190 square kilometres (7th largest in the world) and has a population of 1,227 million people (2nd largest in the world). India's population grew by 1.26% in 2012.

India's average population density is 411 persons per square kilometer. 68% of India's population is rural and 32% is urban. 29% of the population is under the age of 15, and 5% of the population is over the age of 65.

In 31-Dec-2012 India's GDP was USD 100,206 billion. India's GDP grew at 4.78% in the quarter ending Jun-2013. GDP per capita, in purchasing power-adjusted dollar terms, is USD 3,843. This makes India a lower-middle income country.

Inflation in India, as measured by the change in consumer price index, was 9.3% in 2012, versus 8.9% in 2011.

India's economy is predominantly services-based. Agriculture accounts for 17% of GDP and employs 47% of the population. Manufacturing and industry accounts for 26% of GDP and employs 25% of the population. Services accounts for 57% of the GDP and employs 28% of the population.

India's currency is the Indian Rupee (INR). The latest exchange rate, as of 18-Apr-2014, is 60.34 INR per 1 USD.

Life expectancy at birth in India is 66 years. 18% of India's population is under-nourished. India spends $141.12 per capita (USD PPP) on healthcare, and has 0.80 nurses per 1000 people.

Key Statistics

GDP (trillion INR)100.21Population (millions)1,213.37
GDP Growth (%)4.78Population Growth Rate(%)1.26%
Unemployment Rate (%)3.60Government Revenue(million INR)7,898,920
Inflation Rate (%)9.31%Life Expectancy at Male Birth (years)62.60
Exchange Rate (vs USD)60.34 INRInternet Users (per 100 ppl)13

Economy

    Detailed topic page: India Economy

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
GDP 94,610.13 Billion INR 2013 n.a. 53,035.66 26,258.19 3,962.95
GDP Growth 4.78% Percent Jun-2013 1.46% 9.26% n.a. n.a.
GDP in USD 100,206 Billion USD 31-Dec-2012 n.a. 56,301 28,407 4,378
GDP Per Capita at PPP 3,843 USD at PPP 31-Dec-2012 3.65% 2,914 1,848 780
Inflation Rate 9.31% % Chg YOY 2012 0.45% 8.35% 3.81% 9.38%
Agriculture as Share of GDP 17.39% % of GDP 2012 -0.16% 17.78% 20.74% 30.20%
Industry as Share of GDP 25.75% % of GDP 2012 -0.98% 28.29% 26.05% 25.79%
Services as Share of GDP 56.86% % of GDP 2012 1.14% 53.93% 53.25% 44.01%
Imports as Share of GDP 31.54% % of GDP 2012 1.20% 28.67% 15.37% 7.33%
Exports as Share of GDP 23.83% % of GDP 2012 -0.06% 23.60% 14.69% 5.93%

Inflation

    Detailed topic page: India Prices

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Consumer Price Index 238 Index 2001=100 Feb-2014 6.73% 185 120 43
Inflation 6.73% Percent Feb-2014 -44.23% 9.47% 5.57% 13.71%
GDP Deflator 8.15% % Chg YOY 2012 -0.13% 8.66% 3.87% 8.23%
Broad Money M2 76.33% % of GDP 2012 -0.42% 75.78% 62.09% 41.77%
Private Sector Credit 51.49% % of GDP 2012 1.57% 48.54% 31.08% 24.84%

Employment

    Detailed topic page: India Employment

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Population 1,227.19 Million People 31-Dec-2012 1.34% 1,162.00 1,080.50 813.50
Total Employment 28,708 Thousands 2010 1.92% 26,992 27,789
Unemployment Rate 0%.2f Percent 2010 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Agriculture Share of Employment 47.20% % of Employment 2012 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Industry Share of Employment 24.70% % of Employment 2012 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Services Share of Employment 28.10% % of Employment 2012 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.

Agriculture

    Detailed topic page: India Agriculture

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago
Total Land 305,611 Thousand Hectares 2010 n.a. 305,445.00 305,195.00
Cropped Land 192,197 Thousand Hectares 2010 n.a. 192,756.00 185,340.00
Pastures 10,149 Thousand Hectares 2010 n.a. 10,444.00 10,662.00
Fruit Production 74,878 Thousand Tonnes 2011 4.70% 59,563.00 43,001.00
Vegetable Production 146,554 Thousand Tonnes 2011 9.58% 114,993.00 88,622.00
Cereal Yield 9,186 Quintals per Hectare 2011 12.46% 100,433.50 6,416.20
Milk Production 108,532 Thousand Tonnes 2008 n.a. 92,484 n.a.
Total Fish Catch 307,270 Thousand Tonnes 2012 n.a. 52,569 n.a.

Industry

    Detailed topic page: India Industry

Indicator Level Units As-Of 1Y Chg 5Y Ago 10Y Ago
Number of Factories 158,877 Factories 2010 2.29% 140,160.00 131,268.00
Number of Workers 9,157,802 Workers 2010 4.34% 7,136,097.00 6,135,238.00
Total Inputs 3,035,853 Crore 2010 14.07% 1,543,658.43 748,551.52
Total Output 3,733,036 Crore 2010 14.06% 1,908,355.48 926,901.85
Net Value Added 592,114 Crore 2010 12.19% 311,864.19 143,621.41
Total Value of Addition in Stock 93,544 Crore 2010 162.48% 45,490.28 14,535.53
Materials 53,239 Crore 2010 169.60% 21,780.56 2,362.67
Semi-Finished Goods 19,022 Crore 2010 109.18% 8,539.64 2,320.12
Finished Goods 21,283 Crore 2010 213.08% 15,170.08 9,852.74

Trade

    Detailed topic page: India Trade

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago
Annual Exports 14,659,594 Million INR 2012 28.26% 6,558,635.00 2,551,372.80
Annual Imports 23,454,632 Million INR 2012 39.32% 10,123,117.00 2,972,058.70
Trade Balance -8,795,038 Million INR 2012 62.71% -3,564,482.00 -420,685.90

Transportation

    Detailed topic page: India Transportation

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago
Total Urban Road 411,324 km 2011 2.31% n.a. n.a.
Total Rail 64,460 km 2011 0.76% 63,327.00 n.a.
Rail Passenger Traffic 7,651,090 Thousand People 2011 5.59% 6,218,881.00 n.a.
Rail Freight Carried 926,427 Thousand Tonnes 2011 3.83% 744,559.00 n.a.
Railway Deaths 3,997 People 2010 -17.62% 3,720.00 n.a.

Energy

    Detailed topic page: India Energy

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Total Production 15 Quadrillion BTU 2009 7.39% 11.74 n.a.
Electricity Consumption 553,995 GWh 2008 10.36% 386,134.00 n.a.
Gross Production 954,539 GWh 2010 6.13% 752,454 579,120 n.a.
 Total Production 844,846 GWh 2010 6.10% 670,655 517,439 n.a.
Gross Inland Availability 907,185 GWh 2010 6.16% 711,618 543,867 n.a.

Government Finances

    Detailed topic page: India Government Finances

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago
Total Government Revenue 5,071,500 Million INR 2008 17.46% 2,247,982.00 n.a.
Total Tax Revenue 6,076,450 Million INR 2008 2.78% 3,037,070.00 n.a.
Total Non-Tax Revenue 1,254,350 Million INR 2012 -43.37% 1,023,170.00 n.a.
Total Government Expenditure 150,200 Million INR 2012 17.79% 51,000.00 n.a.
Defense Expenditure 952,160 Million INR 2012 3.06% 542,190.00 n.a.
Capital Expenditure 1,605,670 Million INR 2012 0.49% 1,182,380.00 n.a.
Borrowing and Other Liabilities 4,128,170 Million INR 2012 0.00% 1,269,120 n.a.
Interest Payments 2,679,860 Million INR 2012 0.00% 1,710,300 n.a.
Fiscal Deficit 4,128,170 Million INR 2012 0.00% 1,269,120 n.a.

Capital Markets

    Detailed topic page: Indian Rupee Exchange Rates

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Nominal Exchange Rate 60.3423 INR per USD 18-Apr-2014 11.78% 60.3630 60.2095 60.8908
Stock Market Index 280.11 Index 2012 -14.02% 296.86 76.55 n.a.
Stock Market Capitalization 1,263 Billion USD 2012 24.42% 645 279 24
BSE Sensex 22,328 Index 17-Apr-2014 18.93% 20,412.76 9,339.32 n.a.
S&P Nifty Index 5,834 Index 28-Feb-2013 7.55% 5,171.20 2,059.85 n.a.

Demography

    Detailed topic page: India Demography

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Female Population 48.28% % of Total 2012 0.01% 48.24% 48.19% 48.14%
Rural Population 68.34% % of Total 2012 -0.36% 69.75% 71.39% 74.93%
Urban Population 31.66% % of Total 2012 0.36% 30.25% 28.61% 25.07%
Population Below Age 15 29.43% % of Total 2012 -0.36% 30.97% 33.03% 37.89%
Population Aged 15 to 64 65.37% % of Total 2012 0.30% 64.10% 62.39% 58.27%
Population Above Age 64 5.20% % of Total 2012 0.06% 4.93% 4.57% 3.84%
Population Density 410.72 Persons per Sq Km 2011 1.29% 389.85 362.14 274.56
Population Growth Rate 1.26% % Chg YOY 2012 -0.02% 1.33% 1.57% 2.12%

Births and Deaths

    Detailed topic page: India Demographics

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Birth Rate 22.8 Per Thousand 2008 -1.30% 24.1 n.a. n.a.
Fertility Rate 2.53 Births per Woman 2011 -1.21% 2.69 3.02 4.12
Child Mortality 61.30 Deaths per 1000 Births 2011 -3.31% 70.00 82.40 122.50
Life Expectancy at Birth 65.96 Years 2011 0.40% 64.79 62.95 57.69
Deaths From Disease and Nutrition 37.12% % of Total Deaths 2008 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Deaths From Injury and Accident 9.91% % of Total Deaths 2008 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Deaths From Non-Communicable Diseases 52.97% % of Total Deaths 2008 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.

Health and Disease

    Detailed topic page: India Health

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Low Birth-Weight Babies 27.60% % 2006 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Under-Nourished People 217,000.00 1000s 2011 -3.12% 228,000.00 237,000.00 n.a.
Adults Living with HIV 1,900.00 1000s 2012 0.00% 2,000.00 2,300.00 n.a.
Nurses per 1000 People 0.80 Per 1000 2004 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Health Expenditure Per Capita 141.12 PPP USD 2011 11.66% 106.11 73.81 n.a.

Education

    Detailed topic page: India Education

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Total Number of Institutions 1,341,107.00 Number 2010 0.37% 1,238,060.00 984,116.00
Total Non Post Secondary Enrolment 243,356,708 People 2010 0.60% 228,803,760 n.a.
Adult Literacy Rate 62.75% % 2006 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Youth Literacy Rate 81.13% % 2006 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Female-Male Literacy Ratio 84.10% % 2006 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Primary Enrolment Rate 112.60% % 2011 -0.87% 114.31% 97.04% 87.66%
Secondary Enrolment Rate 68.51% % 2011 3.44% 58.66% 48.21% 36.97%
Tertiary Enrolment Rate 23.27% % 2011 5.04% 13.48% 10.36% 6.23%

Quality of Life

    Detailed topic page: India Society

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Gini Index 33.90 Index 2010 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Human Development Index 0.55 Index 2011 1.85% 0.50 n.a.
Population Living with Less than Five Dollars a Day 96.30% % 2010 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Urban Population in Slums 32.10% % 2007 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Access to Improved Water Sources 91.60% % 2011 0.90% 87.70% 82.70% n.a.
Access to Improved Sanitation Facilities 35.10% % 2011 0.90% 31.60% 27.20% n.a.
Household Electrification Rate 67.90% % 2005 3.50% n.a. n.a. n.a.
Population Affected by Droughts or Floods 4.36% % 2009 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
CO2 Emissions 2,008.82 Megatons 2010 1.34% 1,504.36 1,203.84 525.86
Methane Emissions 621.48 Megatons CO2 equiv 2010 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.

Consumption Goods

    Detailed topic page: India Society

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Cell Phone Subscribers 68.72 per 100 2012 -4.56% 29.13 3.05 0.00
Internet Users 12.58 per 100 2012 24.93% 4.38 1.69 n.a.
Passenger Vehicles 1.18 per 100 2009 7.59% 0.90 n.a. n.a.
International Tourism Arrivals 6,309 1000s 2011 9.23% 5,082 2,384 n.a.

Links and References

Sources of Quandl's India data: MOSPI, UN, World Bank, FAO, WHO, Govt of India 1 and 2, NSE and more.

For most indicators, click on the vs World icon to see the value of that indicator across 200+ countries.

In addition to this overview page, Quandl has detailed topic pages on many other India subjects:

If there's any other data you'd like to see on this page, or any source you'd like us to add, please contact us.