Germany

Last updated at 2014-04-23 04:17:28

Germany Overview

Germany is an OECD country, located in Western Europe with a population of 81.92 million people. It has a population density of 234.67 persons per square kilometer. 25.93% of the population is rural and 74.07% is urban. 13.17% of the population is under the age of fifteen, and 21.10% of the population is over the age of 65. Germany's population grew by 0.11% in 2012. Net migration to Germany in 2012 was 549,998 people.

Germany is a wealthy country with a large-sized economy. In 31-Dec-2012 Germany's GDP was USD 2,666 billion. Germany's GDP grew at 0.90% in 31-Dec-2012. GDP per capita, in purchasing power-adjusted dollar terms, is USD 38,666.

Inflation in Germany, as measured by the change in consumer price index, was 2.01% in 2012, versus 2.08% in 2011. Unemployment in Germany in 31-Dec-2012 was 5.47%, versus 5.95% in 31-Dec-2011.

Germany's economy is predominantly services-based. Agriculture accounts for 0.87% of GDP and employs 1.50% of the population. Manufacturing and industry accounts for 27.93% of GDP and employs 28.20% of the population. Services accounts for 71.19% of the GDP and employs 70.20% of the population.

Germany's currency is the Euro (EUR). The latest exchange rate, as of 23-Apr-2014, is 0.72 EUR per 1 USD.

Germany is politically stable, and life expectancy at birth is 81 years. 5.00% of Germany's population is under-nourished, while 67.15% of its male population and 57.06% of its female population is overweight. 23.20% of the population smokes. Germany spends $4,371.42 per capita (USD PPP) on healthcare, and has 9.72 nurses per 1000 people.

For links to more detailed information on Germany please click the links underneath the corresponding tables.

Economy

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
GDP 2,666 Billion USD 31-Dec-2012 n.a. 2,474 2,148 1,098
Real GDP Growth 0.90% % Chg YOY 31-Dec-2012 -2.50% 0.81% -0.39% 3.74%
GDP Per Capita at PPP 38,666 USD at PPP 31-Dec-2012 2.49% 35,446 27,921 15,996
Unemployment Rate 5.47% % of Labor Force 31-Dec-2012 -0.48% 7.60% 9.78% 7.74%
Inflation Rate 2.01% % Chg YOY 2012 -0.07% 2.63% 1.03% n.a.
Agriculture as Share of GDP 0.87% % of GDP 2010 0.05% 0.85% 1.37% 1.92%
Industry as Share of GDP 27.93% % of GDP 2010 1.17% 30.03% 29.85% 39.13%
Services as Share of GDP 71.19% % of GDP 2010 -1.23% 69.12% 68.78% 58.95%
Imports as Share of GDP 45.87% % of GDP 2012 0.44% 41.85% 31.80% 23.15%
Exports as Share of GDP 51.79% % of GDP 2012 1.16% 48.15% 35.72% 22.90%

Employment

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Population 81.92 Million People 31-Dec-2012 0.17% 82.12 82.52 76.71
Labour Force 41.55 Million People 31-Dec-2012 1.08% 40.30 38.79 36.48
Unemployment Rate 5.47% % of Labor Force 31-Dec-2012 -0.48% 7.60% 9.78% 7.74%
Agriculture Share of Employment 1.50% % of Employment 2012 -0.10% 1.80% 2.40% n.a.
Industry Share of Employment 28.20% % of Employment 2012 -0.10% 29.30% 31.40% n.a.
Services Share of Employment 70.20% % of Employment 2012 0.10% 68.90% 66.20% n.a.

Capital Markets

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Nominal Exchange Rate 0.7244 EUR per USD 23-Apr-2014 -0.32% n.a. 0.7206 n.a.
Stock Market Index 101.77 Index 2012 -7.13% 121.73 52.94 n.a.
Stock Market Capitalization 1,486 Billion USD 2012 25.48% 1,108 1,079 252

Government Finances

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Revenues 44.78% % of GDP 31-Dec-2012 0.53% 44.01% 44.31% n.a.
Spending 44.64% % of GDP 31-Dec-2012 -0.36% 44.08% 48.46% n.a.
Surplus or Deficit 2.33% % of GDP 31-Dec-2012 1.19% 2.28% -1.52% n.a.
Net Debt 57.37% % of GDP 31-Dec-2012 2.03% 50.10% 48.56% n.a.
Armed Forces Personnel 0.46% % of Labor Force 2011 -0.13% 0.58% 0.73% n.a.
Military Expenditures 1.34% % of GDP 2012 0.01% 1.33% 1.45% 2.59%
Commercial Tax Rate 45.90% % of Profits 2012 0.30% 49.40% n.a. n.a.

Demography

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Female Population 50.95% % of Total 2012 -0.03% 51.05% 51.16% 52.06%
Rural Population 25.93% % of Total 2012 -0.13% 26.37% 26.76% 27.04%
Urban Population 74.07% % of Total 2012 0.13% 73.63% 73.24% 72.96%
Population Below Age 15 13.17% % of Total 2012 -0.11% 13.72% 14.84% 15.88%
Population Aged 15 to 64 65.73% % of Total 2012 0.00% 66.05% 67.31% 69.48%
Population Above Age 64 21.10% % of Total 2012 0.11% 20.23% 17.85% 14.63%
Population Density 234.67 Persons per Sq Km 2011 0.03% 235.94 236.45 222.95
Population Growth Rate 0.11% % Chg YOY 2012 0.09% -0.19% 0.06% 0.39%

Births and Deaths

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Fertility Rate 1.36 Births per Woman 2011 -2.16% 1.37 1.34 1.43
Child Mortality 4.10 Deaths per 1000 Births 2012 0.00% 4.40 5.00 9.50
Life Expectancy at Birth 80.74 Years 2011 0.94% 79.53 78.23 74.56
Deaths From Disease and Nutrition 4.53% % of Total Deaths 2008 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Deaths From Injury and Accident 3.84% % of Total Deaths 2008 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Deaths From Non-Communicable Diseases 91.63% % of Total Deaths 2008 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.

Health and Disease

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Low Birth-Weight Babies 6.50% % 1999 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Under-Nourished People n.a. 1000s n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Adults Living with HIV 73.00 1000s 2011 2.82% 62.00 47.00 n.a.
Nurses per 1000 People 9.72 Per 1000 2003 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Health Expenditure Per Capita 4,371.42 PPP USD 2011 0.69% 3,722.50 2,943.34 n.a.

Education

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Adult Literacy Rate n.a. % n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Youth Literacy Rate n.a. % n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Female-Male Literacy Ratio n.a. % n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Primary Enrolment Rate 100.76% % 2011 -0.76% 103.93% 99.87% n.a.
Secondary Enrolment Rate 101.72% % 2011 0.16% 99.44% 98.12% n.a.
Tertiary Enrolment Rate 56.53% % 2011 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.

Quality of Life

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Gini Index 28.31 Index 2000 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Human Development Index n.a. Index n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Population Living with Less than Five Dollars a Day n.a. % n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Urban Population in Slums n.a. % n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Access to Improved Water Sources 100.00% % 2011 0.00% 100.00% 100.00% n.a.
Access to Improved Sanitation Facilities 100.00% % 2011 0.00% 100.00% 100.00% n.a.
Household Electrification Rate n.a. % n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Population Affected by Droughts or Floods 0.03% % 2009 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
CO2 Emissions 745.38 Megatons 2010 1.79% 808.86 853.66 n.a.
Methane Emissions 57.23 Megatons CO2 equiv 2010 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.

Consumption Goods

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Cell Phone Subscribers 131.30 per 100 2012 -0.75% 127.95 78.56 0.13
Internet Users 84.00 per 100 2012 1.20% 78.00 55.90 n.a.
Passenger Vehicles 51.73 per 100 2010 1.48% 49.80 n.a. n.a.
Households with a Personal Computer n.a. % n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Households with a Telephone n.a. % n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Households with a Radio n.a. % n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
International Tourism Arrivals 28,374 1000s 2011 5.58% 24,421 17,969 n.a.

Energy

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Net Generation 588.05 TWh 2010 6.48% 595.91 n.a. n.a.
Net Consumption 549.12 TWh 2010 6.63% 550.13 n.a. n.a.
Imports 42.96 TWh 2010 2.64% 48.46 n.a. n.a.
Exports 57.92 TWh 2010 6.99% 65.44 n.a. n.a.
Gross Production 628,984 GWh 2010 6.54% 636,761 586,406 n.a.
 Total Production 576,011 GWh 2010 5.40% 585,664 538,167 n.a.
 Total Production 52,973 GWh 2010 20.83% 51,097 48,239 n.a.
Gross Inland Availability 577,476 GWh 2010 6.04% 580,212 551,823 n.a.
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