China

Last updated at 2014-04-25 06:39:09

China Overview

China is located in East Asia with a population of 1,354.04 million people. It has a population density of 144.10 persons per square kilometer. 48.22% of the population is rural and 51.78% is urban. 17.98% of the population is under the age of fifteen, and 8.68% of the population is over the age of 65. China's population grew by 0.49% in 2012. Net migration to China in 2012 was -1,500,000 people.

China is an upper-middle income country with a large-sized economy. In 2012 China's GDP was USD 51,894 billion. China's GDP grew at n.a. in n.a.. GDP per capita, in purchasing power-adjusted dollar terms, is USD 9,055.

Inflation in China, as measured by the change in consumer price index, was 2.65% in 2012, versus 5.41% in 2011. Unemployment in China in 31-Dec-2012 was 4.10%, versus 4.10% in 31-Dec-2011.

China's economy is predominantly manufacturing-based. Agriculture accounts for 10.09% of GDP and employs 34.80% of the population. Manufacturing and industry accounts for 45.31% of GDP and employs 29.50% of the population. Services accounts for 44.60% of the GDP and employs 35.70% of the population.

China's currency is the Chinese Yuan Renminbi (CNY). The latest exchange rate, as of 25-Apr-2014, is 6.18 CNY per 1 USD.

China is politically unstable, and life expectancy at birth is 75 years. 11.50% of China's population is under-nourished, while 45.01% of its male population and 32.02% of its female population is overweight. 31.40% of the population smokes. China spends $432.28 per capita (USD PPP) on healthcare, and has 1.05 nurses per 1000 people.

For links to more detailed information on China please click the links above the corresponding tables.

China at a Glance

GDP (billion USD)51,894.20Population (millions)1,354.04
GDP Growth (%)n.a.Healthcare Personnel (millions)8.62
Unemployment Rate (%)4.10%Life Expectancy at Birth (years)75.04
Inflation Rate (%)1.46%Passenger Traffic (millions)35,263.19
Exchange Rate (vs USD)¥6.18CO2 Emissions (kt)8,286,891.95
Shanghai Composite Index2,057.03Internet Users (per 100 ppl)42.30

Economy Overview

    Detailed topic page: China Economy

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
GDP 51,894.20 Billion USD n.a. 9.69% 31,404.54 13,582.28 1,504.28
Real GDP Growth n.a. % Chg YOY n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
GDP Per Capita at PPP 9,055.33 USD at PPP 31-Dec-2012 9.04% 6,145.18 3,217.46 706.66
GDP as Share of World GDP at PPP 14.74% % of World GDP 31-Dec-2012 4.51% 11.57% 8.40% 3.81%
Unemployment Rate 4.10% % of Labor Force 31-Dec-2012 0.00% 4.20% 4.30% 2.00%
Inflation Rate 2.65% % Chg YOY 2012 -50.98% 5.86% 1.16% 18.74%
Agriculture 10.09% % of GDP 2012 0.48% 10.73% 12.80% 25.70%
Industry 45.31% % of GDP 2012 -2.74% 47.45% 45.97% 43.79%
Services 44.60% % of GDP 2012 2.83% 41.82% 41.23% 30.51%
Imports 24.51% % of GDP 2012 -5.92% 27.26% 27.36% 16.15%
Exports 27.33% % of GDP 2012 -4.23% 34.98% 29.56% 14.83%

Growth and Output

    Detailed topic page: China Growth and Output

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago
Primary 4,748.62 Billion Yuan 2011 17.15% 2,862.70 1,653.70
Secondary 22,041.28 Billion Yuan 2011 17.63% 12,583.14 5,389.68
  Manufacturing 18,847.02 Billion Yuan 2011 17.26% 11,053.49 4,743.13
  Construction 3,194.27 Billion Yuan 2011 19.81% 1,529.65 646.55
Tertiary 20,498.25 Billion Yuan 2011 18.08% 11,135.19 4,989.89
  Transportation 2,193.19 Billion Yuan 2011 14.63% 1,460.10 749.29
  Retail 4,344.52 Billion Yuan 2011 21.54% 2,093.78 999.54
  Hospitality 917.28 Billion Yuan 2011 13.69% 554.81 272.48
  Finance 2,495.83 Billion Yuan 2011 18.96% 1,233.75 461.28
  Real Estate 2,670.80 Billion Yuan 2011 17.23% 1,380.97 534.64
  Other 7,876.63 Billion Yuan 2011 17.76% 4,411.77 1,972.67

Employment

    Detailed topic page: China Employment

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Population 1,354.04 Million People 31-Dec-2012 0.50% 1,328.02 1,292.27 1,110.26
Labour Force 787.63 Million People 2012 0.67% 770.99 746.32 n.a.
Unemployment Rate 4.10% % of Labour Force 31-Dec-2012 0.00% 4.20% 4.30% 2.00%
Agriculture Share of Employment 34.80% % of Employment 2011 -5.18% 40.80% 50.00% 60.00%
Industry Share of Employment 29.50% % of Employment 2011 2.79% 26.80% 21.40% 22.20%
Services Share of Employment 35.70% % of Employment 2011 3.18% 32.40% 28.60% 17.80%
Average Government Wage 41,799.00 Yuan 2011 14.40% 24,721.00 12,373.00 n.a. n.a.

Asset Markets

    Detailed topic page: China Asset Markets

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago
Shanghai Composite Index 2,057.03 Index 24-Apr-2014 -2.79% n.a. 2,101.60
Hang Seng Index 22,562.80 Index 24-Apr-2014 -3.19% n.a. 22,671.26
Number of Listed Companies 2,342.00 Number 2011 13.52% 1,550.00 1,224.00
Stock Market Capitalization 3,697.38 Billion USD 2012 9.10% 2,793.61 681.20
Bond Trading Volume 502.30 Billion USD Dec-2013 -75.83% 2,078.53 1,803.12
M2 Money Supply 85,159.09 Billion Yuan 2011 17.32% 40,344.22 18,500.70
Official Interest Rate 6.00% % Mar-2014 0.00% 6.00% 6.00%
Exchange Rate vs USD 6.18 CNY per 100 USD 25-Apr-2014 1.03% 6.17 6.18
Exchange Rate vs EUR 8.54 CNY per 100 EUR 25-Apr-2014 1.49% 8.53 8.53
Exchange Rate vs JPY 0.06 CNY per 100 JPY 25-Apr-2014 3.47% 0.06 0.06

Construction and Real Estate

    Detailed topic page: China Construction and Real Estate

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago
Total Fixed Asset Investment 31,148.51 Billion Yuan 2011 -212.00% 13,732.39 4,349.99
Projects Started 327,348.00 Number 2011 -0.60% 231,531.00 128,224.00
Projects Under Construction 471,376.00 Number 2011 1.68% 326,204.00 181,363.00
Projects Completed 298,499.00 Number 2011 3.08% 187,525.00 104,087.00
Floor Space Under Construction 10,355,188.75 1000 sq. m. 2011 -216.98% 5,485,420.41 3,044,281.50
Floor Space Completed 3,290,732.59 1000 sq. m. 2011 -208.14% 2,384,253.11 1,967,378.70
Average Price of Commercial Property 5,357.10 Yuan / sq. m. 2011 6.46% 3,863.90 2,250.00
Average Price of Residential Buildings 4,993.17 Yuan / sq. m. 2011 5.68% 3,645.18 2,092.00
Average Price of Office Buildings 12,327.28 Yuan / sq. m. 2011 8.08% 8,667.02 4,336.00
People Employed in Real Estate 2,256,964.00 Persons 2011 7.93% 1,719,666.00 1,134,009.00

Government Finances

    Detailed topic page: China Government Finances

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Government Revenues 10,387.44 Billion Yuan 2011 25.00% 5,132.18 1,890.36 219.94 n.a.
Government Spending 10,924.78 Billion Yuan 2011 21.56% 4,978.14 2,205.32 226.22 n.a.
Revenue to GDP 22.67% % of GDP 31-Dec-2012 0.27% 19.65% 16.16% 18.63%
Spending to GDP 24.86% % of GDP 31-Dec-2012 4.07% 20.39% 18.60% 20.85%
Debt Outstanding 7,204.45 Billion Yuan 2011 6.66% 5,207.47 n.a. n.a. n.a.
Debt Service Ratio 0.17% % 2011 5.52% 0.20% 0.79% 0.90% n.a.
Military Expenditures 2.02% % of GDP 2012 1.23% 2.03% 2.12% n.a.
Commercial Tax Rate 63.70% % of Profits 2013 0.00% 63.80% n.a. n.a.
Total Tax Receipts 8,973.84 Billion Yuan 2011 22.58% 4,562.20 1,763.65 214.04 n.a.

Demography Overview

    Detailed topic page: China Demography

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Total Population 1,350,695,000.00 Persons 2012 0.49% 1,324,655,000.00 1,288,400,000.00 1,101,630,000.00
Population of Largest City 17,060,364.00 Persons 2012 1.47% 16,118,581.00 14,418,914.00 7,416,734.00
Population Density 144.10 Persons / sq. km. 2011 0.48% 141.29 137.27 116.22
Population Growth Rate 0.49% % 2012 1.69% 0.51% 0.62% 1.61%
Net Immigration -1,500,000.00 Persons 2012 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Fertility Rate 1.66% Births / Woman 2011 0.42% 1.62% 1.53% 2.81%
Sex Ratio at Birth 1.16 Females / 1000 Males 2011 -0.17% 1.17 1.16 1.09
Child Mortality 14.00 Deaths / 1000 Births 2012 -6.04% 18.40 28.90 53.60
Life Expectancy at Birth 75.04 Years 2011 0.21% 74.42 73.07 68.82
Crude Divorce Rate 1,302.36 % 2011 4.94% 991.40 786.00 n.a. n.a.

Population Distribution

    Detailed topic page: China Population

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago
Total 1,347.35 Million Persons 2011 0.48% 1,321.29 1,284.53
Male 690.68 Million Persons 2011 0.46% 680.48 661.15
Female 656.67 Million Persons 2011 0.50% 640.81 623.38
Urban 690.79 Million Persons 2011 3.14% 606.33 502.12
Rural 656.56 Million Persons 2011 -2.17% 714.96 782.41
Age Below 15 221.64 Million Persons 2011 -0.43% 256.60 287.74
Age 15-64 1,002.83 Million Persons 2011 0.35% 958.33 903.02
Age Over 64 122.88 Million Persons 2011 3.31% 106.36 93.77
Dependency Ratio 34.35% % 2011 0.45% 37.87% 42.25%

Deaths and Disease

    Detailed topic page: China Health

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Immunization Rate - Polio 99.00% % of Births 2012 0.00% 99.00% 87.00% 96.00%
Low Birth Weight Babies 2.34% % of Births 2010 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Adults Living with HIV 771,000.00 1000 Persons 2011 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Tuberculosis Prevalence 99.00 Cases per 100,000 2012 -4.81% 119.00 153.00 n.a.
Deaths - Disease and Malnutrition 7.07% % of Deaths 2008 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Deaths - Injury and Accident 9.83% % of Deaths 2008 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Deaths - Non-communicable Diseases 83.10% % of Deaths 2008 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.

Healthcare System

    Detailed topic page: China Health

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Hospitals 21,979.00 Number 2011 5.07% 19,852.00 17,844.00 n.a. n.a.
Physicians 14.15 Per 10,000 2009 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Nurses and Midwives 13.80 Per 10,000 2009 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Pharmaceutical Personnel 2.54 Per 10,000 2009 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Hospital Beds 42.00 Per 10,000 2009 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Healthcare Spending 432.28 USD at PPP 2011 15.74% 240.29 136.52 n.a.

Human Development

    Detailed topic page: China Society

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Gini Index 42.06 Index 2009 -1.34% 42.48 n.a. n.a.
Living on Less than $5 a Day 67.79% % 2009 -5.39% 80.07% n.a. n.a.
Under-Nourished 158.00 Million Persons 2011 0.64% 163.00 187.00 n.a.
Access to Improved Water Sources 91.70% % 2011 0.22% 88.50% 82.70% n.a.
Access to Improved Sanitation 65.10% % 2011 0.46% 59.00% 48.80% n.a.
Affected by Droughts and Floods 7.95% % 2009 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.

Education

    Detailed topic page: China Education

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago ~25Y Ago vs World
Adult Literacy Rate 95.12% % 2010 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Youth Literacy Rate 99.64% % 2010 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
Primary Enrolment Rate 127.95% % 2011 -0.70% 123.46% 108.45% 130.59%
Secondary Enrolment Rate 86.61% % 2011 4.19% 71.26% 58.42% 35.84%
Tertiary Enrolment Rate 26.79% % 2011 3.25% 21.91% 12.76% 3.28%
Primary Pupil-Teacher Ratio 16.79 Ratio 2011 -0.33% 17.68 n.a. 24.35
Secondary Pupil-Teacher Ratio 15.15 Ratio 2011 -1.99% 16.37 18.93 16.90
Education Spending 1,956.18 Billion Yuan 2010 18.54% 981.53 463.77 n.a. n.a.

Transportation

    Detailed topic page: China Transportation

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago
Rail Network 93.25 1000 Km 2011 2.27% 77.97 71.90
Road Network 4,106.39 1000 Km 2011 2.45% 3,583.72 1,765.20
Civil Aviation Routes 3,490.57 1000 Km 2011 26.23% 2,342.96 1,637.70
Petroleum and Gas Pipelines 83.30 1000 Km 2011 6.12% 54.46 29.80
Passenger Traffic 35,263.19 Million Passengers 2011 7.85% 22,277.61 16,081.50
Passenger Kilometers 3,098.40 Billion Passenger-Km 2011 11.08% 2,159.26 1,412.56
Freight Traffic 36,969.61 Million Tons 2011 14.04% 22,758.22 14,834.47
Freight Ton-Kilometers 15,932.36 Billion Ton-Km 2011 12.33% 10,141.88 5,068.59
Private Vehicles 73,267.94 1000 Vehicles 2011 23.37% 28,762.15 9,689.80

Technology, Media, Telecommunications

    Detailed topic page: China Technology

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago
Internet Users 513.10 Million Subscribers 2011 12.20% 210.00 59.10
Chinese Language Webpages 86,582.30 Million Pages 2011 44.28% 8,471.09 n.a.
Mobile Phone Subscribers 986.25 Million Subscribers 2011 14.81% 547.31 206.00
Mobile Phone Call Volume 5,047.26 Billion Calls 2011 16.67% 2,306.13 418.40
SMS Message Volume 879.00 Billion Messages 2011 6.19% 594.58 58.33
Postal Mail Volume 7.38 Billion Letters 2011 -0.31% 6.95 10.60
Postal Mail Routes 5,140.27 1000 Km 2011 10.89% 3,532.98 3,080.99
Tourism Spending 1,930.54 Billion Yuan 2011 53.46% 777.06 387.84
Feature Films Produced 558.00 Films 2011 6.08% 402.00 100.00

Energy

    Detailed topic page: China Energy

Indicator Level Units As Of 1Y Chg ~5Y Ago ~10Y Ago
Total Energy Production 3,179,870.00 1000 Tons SCE 2011 7.10% 2,472,790.00 1,506,560.00
  Coal 77.80% % 2011 1.57% 77.70% 73.50%
  Crude Oil 9.10% % 2011 -7.14% 10.80% 15.80%
  Natural Gas 4.30% % 2011 2.38% 3.70% 2.90%
  Hydro 8.80% % 2011 -6.38% 7.80% 7.80%
Total Energy Consumption 3,480,020.00 1000 Tons SCE 2011 7.10% 2,805,080.00 1,594,310.00
Per Capita Household Energy Use 258.34 Kg of SCE 2010 1.63% 211.78 127.24
C02 Emissions 8,286,891.95 1000 Tons 2010 7.73% 6,414,463.08 3,487,566.36
Methane Emissions 1,642,257.60 1000 Tons CO2 equiv 2010 n.a. n.a. n.a.

Sources

Quandl's China data comes from a number of sources: Statistics China, World Bank, WHO, UN, FRED and more. All data is retrieved directly from the source in real-time, with link-backs for attribution and validation.

Quandl is a collaborative project. If you have any suggestions for datasets or sources to be added to this page, please email me. Thanks!

About

This is Quandl's topic page on China. It is a portal to all of Quandl's curated data on China. To see similar topic pages on 200 other countries, visit Quandl's Country Index.

Click on any indicator on this page to see a time series of that indicator, along with options for graphing, downloading and validating the underlying data.

For most indicators, click on the vs World icon to see the value of that indicator across 200+ countries.