The data in this chapter show the basic conditions of agricultural production and rural economy, including mainly cultivated land, quantity of agricultural machinery, output of agriculture, forestry,
animal husbandry and fishery, output of major products, facilities of water conservancy and efforts to eliminate water-logging and combat alkalinity, productive fixed assets owned by rural households,
basic conditions of State-owned farms. Statistics on agriculture cover all agricultural production activities except horse raising for military purpose and agricultural production activities undertaken
by agriculture research institutions. In other words, included in agriculture statistics are production activities in agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery undertaken by rural economic units
of various types and by rural households; production activities of farms specializing in agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery; production activities in agriculture undertaken by
government agencies, institutions, schools and military units; production activities in agriculture undertaken by collective farms run by townships and villages; and production activities
in agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery undertaken by manufacturing and mining enterprises.